[1]王军,郭保苏,何志新.基于Voronoi图的复杂曲面加工刀具轨迹规划[J].燕山大学学报,2018,42(6):479-485.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1007-791X.2018.06.002]
 WANG Jun,GUO Baosu,HE Zhixin.Contour tool-path planning for complex surface based on Voronoi diagram[J].Journal of YanShan University,2018,42(6):479-485.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1007-791X.2018.06.002]
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基于Voronoi图的复杂曲面加工刀具轨迹规划
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《燕山大学学报》[ISSN:1007-791X/CN:13-1219/N]

卷:
42
期数:
2018年第6期
页码:
479-485
栏目:
机械工程
出版日期:
2018-11-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Contour tool-path planning for complex surface based on Voronoi diagram
文章编号:
1007-791X(2018)06-0479-07
作者:
王军* 郭保苏何志新
燕山大学 机械工程学院,河北 秦皇岛 066004
Author(s):
WANG Jun GUO Baosu HE Zhixin
School of Mechanical Engineering,Yanshan University,Qinhuangdao, Hebei 066004,China
关键词:
Voronoi图刀具轨迹平面多连通域
Keywords:
Voronoi diagramtool pathplanar multiply connected domain
分类号:
TH164
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1007-791X.2018.06.002
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
刀具轨迹规划算法是数控加工的核心技术,是多轴联动机床数控加工的重要基础。本文针对复杂曲面直接偏置法生成环形刀轨时经常出现轮廓局部自交与全局自交问题,将Voronoi图理论应用于平面多连通域环切刀具轨迹规划中。首先,分析了平面多连通域特点,提出了一种适合于多连通域Voronoi图的分治波阵面传播算法,该算法首先将多连通域看成若干单连通域的组合,采用波阵面传播算法构造各单连通域,即构建外轮廓和孤岛Voronoi图,然后将这些Voronoi图进行缝合,缝合线包括内外轮廓Voronoi图的缝合以及内轮廓相互之间Voronoi图的缝合。之后,基于构建的Voronoi图进行加工区域划分,然后在各小区域即区内保持偏置量一致的条件下依次对各边界轮廓作偏置来生成环形刀具轨迹,为使刀具轨迹满足实际加工的需要,对环间最优切削行距进行了分析和规划。最后,以核电站水室封头零件的外表面粗加工为例,验证了算法的有效性。本研究不仅为具有多连通域特点的复杂零件加工提供刀具轨迹规划算法,同时也为进一步开发数控软件提供技术支持。
Abstract:
Tool-ath generation algorithm is the core technolgy of the automatic programming software and it is also the important basis for numerical control maching.As the traditional offset method is of low efficiency and often cause local and overall intersection,the Voronoi diagram is used for tool-path generation for multiply connected domain.First,partition and wavefront algorithm is empolied for multiply connected domain based on the feature analysis of multiply connected domain,in the new approach,the multiply connected domain is considered as a composition of each domain,each domain is constructed with partition and wavefront method, so the Voronoi diagram is build for outer line and isolated island,then all the voronoi diagram are sewed,the machining area is divided,the offset approach is used for tool path generation for each area with the condition that the offset value is the same for each outer line.Then the gap between each contour is analyzed and optimized to meet the needs of actual maching.Finally,the algrithm is tested for the rough maching of water cabinet cover of a nuclear power station.This new approach can not only be used for complicated part maching with multiply connected domain,but also can provide a technacal support for the development of numerical control system software.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-04-12        责任编辑:温茂森
基金项目:河北省自然科学基金资助项目(E2017203156);河北省高等学校科学技术研究青年基金资助项目(QN2017152)
作者简介:*王军(1964-),女,河北卢龙人,博士,教授,主要研究方向为计算机辅助制造,Email:jun64@ysu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-01-09